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Determining if someone may be a victim of Labor or Commercial Sexual Exploitation:

  •  Is the person free to come and go as they please

  •  Is under 18 and providing or soliciting commercial sex

  • Is unpaid, paid very little, paid only through tips

  •  Works excessively long hours/ odd hours

  •  Not allowed breaks or have unusual work restriction

  •  Owes a large debt and unable to pay it or has no concept of how much is still owed

  •  Was recruited under false pretenses or promises

  • High security measures exist in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)



Behavioral Signs:

  • Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoid
  • Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement
  • Avoids eye contact


Poor Physical Health

  • Lacks health care
  • Appears malnourished
  • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture
  • Street name Tattoos, gang names, Symbols, ( Santa Muerte As shown in picture above) Bar codes, numbers


Lack of Control:

  • Has few or no personal possessions
  • Is not in control of his/her own money, no financial records, or bank account
  • Is not in control of his/her own identification documents (ID or passport or Visa)
  • Is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present and/or translating)



  • Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he/she is staying/address
  • Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or do not know what city he/she is in
  • Loss of sense of time
  • Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story
  • Calls others around them their wife in-laws, Daddy, Uncles when it is clear these people probably are not
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